Alan Atkinson reviews 'Settler Society in the Australian Colonies' by Angela Woollacott

Alan Atkinson reviews 'Settler Society in the Australian Colonies' by Angela Woollacott

Settler Society in the Australian Colonies: Self-Government and Imperial Culture

by Angela Woollacott

Oxford University Press, $122.95 hb, 239 pp, 9780199641802

Free settlement in Australia from 1788 to the 1850s is an old and favourite topic for historians in this country. It has engaged historical imagination for nearly two centuries, starting with William Charles Wentworth’s A Statistical, Historical, and Political Description of the Colony of New South Wales, published in London in 1819. Many other histories were written during the period itself, for all sorts of reasons. Here was a type of creation story whose patterning had implications for the long term and which therefore had to be understood.

Unsurprisingly, the story had little shape to it until its timespan was over. But then, straightaway, writers (Samuel Sidney, John West) came forward to suggest what it had all meant. Party politicians did so too. With liberal democracy emerging in the 1850s, much of the argument had as its subtext the story of the previous sixty years, with the old élite, the ‘bunyip aristocracy’, condemned for the power they had accumulated through free land grants and convict labour.

Since World War II, the process has moved up a gear. Copious beforehand, from the 1950s research and writing about pre-democratic, pre-industrial settler-Australia has been superabundant. Very soon the focus moved from liberal democracy to centralised continental nation-building and national independence, and for the rest of the twentieth century that preoccupation framed everything else. Nation versus empire, or, as Manning Clark put it (after Henry Lawson), ‘The Old Dead Tree and the Young Tree Green’, was not the only argument. But it had the driving seat.

Read the rest of this article by subscribing to ABR Online for as little as $10 a month.

We offer a range of subscription options, including print, which can be found by clicking here. If you are already a subscriber, enter your username and password in the ‘Log In’ section in the top right-hand corner of the screen.

If you require assistance, contact us or consult the Frequently Asked Questions page.

Published in August 2015, no. 373
Alan Atkinson

Alan Atkinson

Alan Atkinson is an honorary senior research fellow at the University of Western Australia. The third and final volume of his book, The Europeans in Australia, won the Victorian Prize for Literature 2015 and was shortlisted for the Prime Minister's Prize for Australian History. He is also the author of Camden, The Commonwealth of Speech and a number of other books.

Leave a comment

Please note that all comments must be approved by ABR and comply with our Terms & Conditions.

NB: If you are an ABR Online subscriber or contributor, you will need to login to ABR Online in order to post a comment. If you have forgotten your login details, or if you receive an error message when trying to submit your comment, please email your comment (and the name of the article to which it relates) to comments@australianbookreview.com.au. We will review your comment and, subject to approval, we will post it under your name.