The slow death of Australian slang?

There was a recent flurry of Australian media interest in the wake of the publication of a new edition of the Dictionary of Contemporary Slang, edited by Tony Thorne. Thorne only added a small number of new Australian slang termsto the new edition: ‘ort’, buttocks; ‘tockley’, penis; and ‘unit’, defined as a bogan. The apparent lack of new Australian slang terms was a cause of some anxiety: did it indicate we were losing our famed linguistic inventiveness? Was it a sign of our maturing as a nation? Or did it mean that Americanisms had finally taken over our language?

Australians have a long history of anxiety about their language. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, concerns were often expressed about the accent (sometimes described as the ‘colonial twang’). In an 1893 speech to the Methodist Ladies’ College, for example, Victorian Chief Justice John Madden instructed young Australians to ‘pronounce the English vowels as they were intended’. The accent would continue to be controversial until well into the twentieth century, with an accent closer to British Received Pronunciation for many years being the preferred sound for radio and television.

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Amanda Laugesen

Amanda Laugesen

Amanda Laugesen is a historian, lexicographer, and Director of the Australian National Dictionary Centre (ANDC), Australian National University. She is the author of several books and many articles on aspects of Australian and US History. Her book on Australian soldier slang of World War I is due out from Oxford University Press later this year. The ANDC researches Australian English, edits Australia’s Oxford Dictionaries, and blogs regularly at www.ozwords.org. This is the first in a new series of bimonthly columns on language.

Published in August 2014 no. 363

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