Andreas Gaile presents his Rewriting History as Peter Carey’s biography of Australia. Before he gives us the facts of that biography, however, he suggests why Carey cannot write a biography of Australia: ‘there is no “real” Australia waiting to be uncovered. A national identity is an invention.’ He elaborates this by a series of excursions into postmodernist theories of narration and discussions of magical realism. He demonstrates that Carey uses the techniques of these theories and fictional modes, even though, in the matter of post-structuralism, he tells us that Carey denies any knowledge of it. Nonetheless, we are treated to such sentences as this: ‘transgressions of narrative levels ... manifest themselves in “any intrusion by the extradiegetic narrator or narratee into the diegetic universe (or by diegetic characters into a metadiegetic universe, etc.), or the inverse”,’ which seems to mean that shifting narrative techniques prevent any story from being true; therefore, mythistory replaces history. Consequently, ‘Carey’s fictions – even if they are not true – still are meant to replace an older, even more untruthful version of the past.’ ‘Not true’ and ‘more untruthful’ present readers such as myself with a logical problem. But not Gaile, because for him ‘There is no representation, only construction’. So Carey constructs a biography that is supposedly truer than, say, Robert Hughes’s The Fatal Shore (1987), which is as revisionary a history as Carey’s mythistory; indeed, more astringently so.
New readings of Peter Carey
Rewriting History: Peter Carey’s Fictional Biography of Australia
by Andreas Gaile
Rodopi, €72 pb, 348 pp, 9789042030701
If you are a single issue subscriber you will need to upgrade your subscription to view back issues.If you are already subscribed, click here to log in.
Joseph Wiesenfarth is Professor Emeritus of English at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He has written extensively on the English novel and has contributed to the Australian War Memorial’s Stella Bowen: Art, Love & War (2002). His most recent monograph is Ford Madox Ford and the Regiment of Women: Violet Hunt, Jean Rhys, Stella Bowen, and Janice Biala (2005), and his most recent book is a critical edition of No More Parades (2011), the second volume of Carcanet’s new corrected and annotated edition of Ford’s tetralogy Parade’s End.
Leave a comment
Please note that all comments must be approved by ABR and comply with our Terms & Conditions.
NB: If you are an ABR Online subscriber or contributor, you will need to login to ABR Online in order to post a comment. If you have forgotten your login details, or if you receive an error message when trying to submit your comment, please email your comment (and the name of the article to which it relates) to email@example.com. We will review your comment and, subject to approval, we will post it under your name.